Download - Zero Dark Thirty (2012) - The greatest manhunt in history, Osama Bin Laden Killing, Al Qaeda

A chronicle of the decade-long hunt for al-Qaeda terrorist leader Osama bin Laden after the 9/11 attacks, and his death at the hands of the Navy SEAL Team 6 in May, 2011.

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ThanksGiving - Interesting Fun Unknown Facts

In honor of Thanksgiving, here are 11 strange, weird, interesting and obscure facts about some of the most popular Thanksgiving traditions.
  1. The Pilgrims may not have eaten turkey... but they definitely ate a ton of shrimp and deer. At the first Thanksgiving -- 1621 in Plymouth -- there's no hard evidence that anyone ate any turkey. In the best account of the first Thanksgiving (a book called "Mourt's Relations: A Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth" by a colonist named Edward Winslow), there's no mention at all of turkey.

    Edward Winslow (not to be confused with Eddie Winslow, the oft-immature brother on "Family Matters" played by Darius McCrary) does say that that the Pilgrims ate "wild fowl"... but that could mean duck, geese, whatever.

    What did the pilgrims eat? A lot of venison (deer) and shellfish.

    If you're wondering how turkey became associated with Thanksgiving, it's because of two factors. One: Wild turkeys were all over New England back then, so they were an easy option. And two: Turkeys were extremely practical. A turkey was a good family meat because one bird can serve a lot of people. And they don't produce milk like cows or eggs like chickens, so they didn't have another utility to the colonists.
  2. Thanksgiving wasn't an official public holiday until Lincoln. This is pretty incredible, and I had absolutely no idea. Thanksgiving wasn't an official public holiday until Lincoln took a break from, ya know, Civil War to make it one in 1863.

    Before 1863, presidents would either declare it a holiday or not, based on how they were feeling. Thomas Jefferson never proclaimed a Thanksgiving celebration. James Madison proclaimed a couple, but neither of them was in the fall. And so it went until Lincoln stepped up and made it an official holiday on an official date.
  3. The first Thanksgiving involved no cranberry sauce or sweet potatoes. The Pilgrims ate cranberries, but not cranberry sauce. Cranberries were everywhere, and easy. But sugar... which is arguably an even more important ingredient in cranberry sauce than the cranberries themselves... was a huge luxury good at the time. Also... historical evidence doesn't make any reference to cranberry sauce until 1663, an entire generation later than the first Thanksgiving.

    Sweet potatoes also were absent from the first Thanksgiving... because there weren't any to be found. The Pilgrims didn't have access to any potatoes, sweet or regular, so they had a completely potato-free diet.
  4. The Detroit Lions are the reason there's football on Thanksgiving. The Detroit Lions are also the reason a lot of other teams have gotten easy wins on Thanksgiving.

    Anyhoo, the NFL games that are now an indispensable part of Thanksgiving started back in 1934. That year, a guy named G.A. Richards bought the franchise... which, at the time, was called the Portsmouth (Ohio) Spartans... and moved it to Detroit. In order to compete with the Tigers for a market share of Detroit's sports fans, he had to get creative.

    So he decided to schedule one of their games that season for Thanksgiving, against the defending world champion Chicago Bears. The game sold out, it was broadcast nationwide on NBC radio, it was a huge success... and the tradition stuck.

    The Lions have played 67 home games on Thanksgivings and are 33-32-2. (With the clock ticking on loss 33 as the Titans go to Detroit tomorrow.) The only years off were six years during World War Two.
  5. Pumpkin pie didn't become a staple until the second Thanksgiving. There's no mention of pumpkin pie at the first Thanksgiving, and it would've been tough to pull off... the butter, flour and sugar for the crust were all in short supply.

    But there IS a record of pumpkin pie at the second Thanksgiving where, apparently, some Pilgrims decided that it was worth paying more money and allocating scarce ingredients to have pumpkin pie.

    I personally don't think that was a good choice. To me, pumpkin pie is simply a whipped cream delivery system (much like how French fries are a ketchup delivery system). Thanksgiving desserts always let me down. I am shaking my head in frustrated anger that the Pilgrims decided to go with pumpkin pie and make that the tradition, instead of being smart and using their supplies to whip up an ice cream cake. Preferably a Cold Stone or Dairy Queen one.

  6. Who could forget such iconic cartoon characters as Cheesasaurus Rex?
    The Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade used to use live animals instead of floats.Macy's started their parade in 1924... with live animals. They borrowed a bunch from the Central Park Zoo and paraded them around New York. That went on for three years.

    Finally, in 1927, Goodyear stepped up and made Macy's a balloonshaped like Felix the Cat. Felix was the king of cartoon characters at the time. Any kids reading, he was iconic to the people then like the guy from "Go Diego, Go!" or whatever the hell crap you're watching these days is to you.

    The first Mickey Mouse balloon wasn't in the parade until 1934. A few other notably strange balloons: The Nestle Nesquick Bunny debuted in 1988; Sonic the Hedgehog in 1993; Izzy, the hideous mascot of the '96 Atlanta Olympics, in 1995; and Kraft's Cheesasaurus Rex in 2001.
  7. Green bean casserole is only 53 years old. To my generation, there is no such thing as life without green bean casserole. After all, it's classic American ingenuity: Take a healthy vegetable that doesn't taste that good, surround it with unhealthy ingredient after unhealthy ingredient and boom -- vegetables that we all want to eat.

    It's just another proud soldier standing beside fried zucchini, eggplant parmigiana, stuffed peppers, carrot cake, cornbread, marinara sauce and cucumbers a la mode.

    But I had no idea my parents lived without green bean casserole. What's now a Thanksgiving tradition wasn't even alive during the Truman years.

    The green bean casserole was founded in 1955 by the people at Campbell Soup. The official reason: They were just trying to make up new recipes for their annual Campbell's cookbook. The probable actual reason: They realized that no one is dumb enough to buy Cream of Mushroom soup without a good reason, so they got creative and it worked.

    Campbell's now estimates they sell $20 million worth of cream of mushroom just to people making green bean casseroles. (My estimate of the total sales combining that along with people buying it to enjoy the soup: $20,000,013.)
  8. Black Friday was created by department stores... Cyber Monday is a complete myth. Since the beginning of department stores there have been Christmas season sales. The term "Black Friday" started in the 1960s in Philadelphia which, for a long time, was the mall capital of the world. How do I know this? Mostly from the movie "Mannequin".

    The "black" in Black Friday refers to a store selling so much stuff that day that it gets its profits out of the red and into the black for the year.

    Now... Black Friday and its success has decades of hard numbers and empirical evidence to back it up. This whole Cyber Monday thing... where online retailers offer their big Christmas sales on the Monday following Thanksgiving... is a complete and utter myth.

    It's like when Hallmark wanted to sell more cards so they invented Sweetest Day. There's no evidence that people do more online shopping on the Monday after Thanksgiving than on any other day in the Christmas season. In fact, according to most studies, Mondays in December tend to see more online sales than that Monday in late November.

    But hey, by all means, go online on Monday and see if Amazon is willing to give you an extra five percent off of a tin of festive peanut brittle. You're not being manipulated at all.
  9. John Madden is not the creator of the turducken. John Madden may have popularized the turducken... and he may have a turducken accidentally tucked in one of his folds right now... but, despite popular belief, he's not the inventor.

    In fact, he's kind of like the Elvis of turducken... he took the idea from black people and made it popular.

    "National Geographic" found that the turducken (which, by the way, is a turkey stuffed with a duck stuffed with a chicken) was invented in southern Louisiana in the early '80s.

    Also, quick additional fact. While it's cool to do the three-bird stuff of the turducken, the world record for stuffing birds into other birds happened in France in the 1800s. A bustard (a large bird) was stuffed with a turkey, goose, pheasant, chicken, duck, guinea fowl, teal, woodcock, partridge, plover, lapwing, quail, thrush, lark, Ortolan Bunting and Garden Warbler. The Warbler inside of the Bunting was only the size of an olive.

    You can't make that anymore because a lot of those birds are now endangered or protected species.
  10. You're not the only one getting drunk with your high school friends tonight. The night before Thanksgiving is the single biggest day for bar sales in the United States. Bigger than New Year's Eve. Bigger than the Super Bowl. Even bigger than St. Patrick's Day.

    The big reason is that everyone descends on their hometowns... gets together with their old friends... and goes out to bars. (The more corny, faux-comedic reason is that people want to drink before they're stuck with their families on Thursday.)

    And it beats St. Patrick's Day because people don't just cram Irish bars, they cram all bars.

  11. Turkey is a mediocre source of tryptophan. Inevitably, during Thanksgiving dinner, someone takes a huge bite of turkey and laments, "Whoo, doggies. I'm going to be asleep soon, eating all this tryptophan."

    (Well, maybe they leave out the "whoo, doggies" part. But the sentiment remains.)

    Sadly... this is a myth. Turkey does contain tryptophan... but not that much.And its ratio of tryptophan to protein is rock bottom. Foods that have more tryptophan than turkey: Egg whites, cod, soybeans, Parmesan and cheddar cheese, sesame seeds, pork, chicken and caribou. (Caribou?)

    What really makes you tired after Thanksgiving dinner? (1) Eating a ton of food. (2) Alcohol. (3) You're lazy.
Happy Thanksgiving!

Top 10 unknown facts about beatles

Top 10 unknown facts about beatles

If you think you know everything there is to know about the Fab Four, then read on and see how many of these Beatles facts you know.
1. The Daily Mirror coined the term Beatlemania in a show review in 1963
2. At 2:58 in Hey Jude Paul McCartney can be faintly heard saying "Oh, f***ing hell" after he made a mistake during the recording of the song
3. Some foods mentioned in Beatles records include: Truffles, cornflakes, honey, turkey, octopus, strawberries, eggs, peppers, pies and marshmallows
4. The Beatles movie A Hard Day’s Night was named after an off-the-cuff remark Ringo Starr made in an interview with DJ Dave Hull in 1964. “We went to do a job, and we'd worked all day and we happened to work all night. I came up still thinking it was day I suppose, and I said, 'It's been a hard day...' and I looked around and saw it was dark so I said, '...night!'”
5. Eric Clapton plays lead guitar on the George Harrison penned song While My Guitar Gently Weeps from the band’s 1968 album The Beatles. The rest of the band were ready to ditch the song from the album when Harrison came up with his masterstroke and invited Slow Hand to play the lead
6. In 2008 a topiary tribute to The Beatles was unveiled on a traffic island in Liverpool. Unfortunately someone chopped Ringo’s head off after he admitted he misses nothing about his hometown
7. Before she became Cher, singer Bonnie Jo Mason recorded the novelty song I Love You Ringo about The Beatles’ drummer
8. Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band is the first British rock album to have the lyrics for every song printed on the back cover
9. The Beatles’ studio album A Hard Day’s Night is the only one to contain only songs penned by John Lennon and Paul McCartney
10. The Beatles earned $90,000 in 35 minutes for their Minneapolis show in August 1965
Know any more killer Beatles facts? Then let us know in the comments section below

Everything you need to know about Energy Bills



Finally, the government has provided some detail on the long-awaited Energy Bill - its blueprint for power generation in the UK for decades to come.
Or at least that was the plan. Some say it has fallen rather short. But what does it mean for you?

Why has the government introduced the bill?
Lots of reasons, but they basically boil down to making sure the UK has a secure and affordable energy supply.
To meet European laws on dirty power stations, and to help meet its long-term carbon emissions targets, the government is closing some of the UK's biggest coal-fired plants in the next five years. A number of old nuclear power plants are also due to close in the 2020s. This will leave a big gap in the UK's energy supply, and this needs to be filled.
To meet its emissions reduction and renewable energy targets, the government needs to increase the amount of energy produced by wind and nuclear power, in particular, but also other forms of clean energy such as biomass.
It also wants the UK to be more self-sufficient for its energy, so it doesn't have to rely on other countries to supply our power and is less dependent on volatile and increasingly expensive global gas and oil prices.
This, of course, costs money. A lot of money.
So, the government has told energy companies that, by 2020, they can add a total of £7.6bn to household bills to help pay for all the new power plants, windfarms etc. This, coincidently, is about the same amount as the UK currently spends on importing gas.
By allowing energy providers to charge more, the government hopes they will have the confidence to invest heavily in clean power. Without that certainty, energy companies would, understandably, be unwilling to invest such vast sums of money.
What will it mean for your energy bills?
In short, they will go up.
The government's own figures show that energy companies currently charge about £20 extra per year to help pay for clean energy projects. This, it says, will rise to £95 in 2020.
Others think it will be slightly more. The advisory body Committee on Climate Change says bills will go up by £110, although this figure does include £10 for energy efficiency measures.
But what might happen to your bills without it?
This is key. The government says that, if you take into account all of its energy policies, bills will actually fall by £94 on average by 2020. Energy efficiency will mean we use less and we'll be less reliant on gas.
Rising gas prices added about £100 to the average bill between March last year and March this year, according to regulator Ofgem.
In other words, if we just carry on as we are - importing much of our energy from overseas - we'll be worse off.
The Committee on Climate Change agrees that bills would be higher without significant investment in clean energy.
It is possible, therefore, that the Energy Bill, together with other measures to reduce carbon emissions, will actually save you money in the long run.
Is there really a risk of the lights going out?
In theory, yes. In practice, no.
Because of the de-commissioning of coal - and ultimately nuclear - power plants, there will be a shortfall in energy production in the UK. The problem is the length of time needed to build new windfarms and nuclear power stations to fill it. For example, the UK's largest onshore windfarm - Scout Moor in the North West of England - took eight years simply to get from concept to commissioning.
There is also the vital question of whether power companies are prepared to invest the huge sums of money needed to build these plants. Some commentators have already suggested the Energy Bill does not go far enough and does not provide the long-term certainty that is a pre-requisite for heavy investment.
Ultimately, though, the government is not going to let the lights go out. If investment falls short and not enough clean energy capacity is built, it will have to resort to short-term measures, such as building new gas plants, that can be built relatively quickly, or simply import more energy from overseas.

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